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淸文彚書. [Qing wen hui shu]. [Manju isabuha bithe]. [The Complete Collection of the Manchurian Language]. WITH 淸文补彚. [Qing wen bu hui]. [Manju gisun be niyeceme isabuha bithe]. [The Supplements to the Manchurian Language].
[Li, Yanji].李延基. 
Manchu-Chinese woodblock bilingual dictionary, Manchu scripts followed by Chinese translation, complete set, 12 volumes. Volume 1: 52pp; Volume 2: 58pp, Volume 3: 58pp; Volume 4: 32pp; Volume 5: 36pp; Volume 6: 30pp; Volume 7: 35pp; Volume 8: 37pp; Volume 9: 30pp; Volume 10: 30pp; Volume 11: 35pp; Volume 12: 31pp. 

Bound in (later?) browned plain paper wrappers, Chinese four hole string binding, folded leaves with occasional splits on the folds, occasional closed tears, 3cm tear causing a little loss to small section of a Manchu entries on two leaves, damp stain upper margin three volumes and along the margin at the fore edge of two, each volume neatly numbered in Chinese in ink on the spine, browning mainly on margins throughout, covers browned, title in ink in Manchu upper cover volume 1. 26.6 x 15.9cm. 

淸文补彚. [Qing wen bu hui]. [Manju gisun be niyeceme isabuha bithe]. [The Supplements to the Manchurian Language]. 

Manchu-Chinese text, woodblock printing, Manchu script followed by Chinese translation, complete in 8 volumes. Four hole string binding, folded leaves split along some folds. Paper title label in Chinese and hand-written Manchu script on upper cover of each volume. Browned throughout, small tears with loss along upper margin of two volumes tears mainly on edges and spine, five volumes are considerably stained but still legible. Wrappers browned and chipped. 25.9 x 16.3cm. 

Volume 1: 44pp; volume 2: 50pp; volume 3: 45pp; volume 4: 45pp; volume 5: 51pp; volume 6: 50pp; volume 7:48pp; volume 8: 58pp. 

No publisher. No place of publication. 嘉慶壬戍 1802. 三槐堂書坊.[San huai tang shu fang]. 京都.[Jingdu]. 淸文彚書. No date. Qing Dynasty. Supplement 1802. 

淸文彚書 or The Complete Collection of the Manchurian Language, is a very comprehensive dictionary of considerable historical importance to Manchu development in Qing Dynasty. The dictionary was composed in 1751 by Qing scholar Li Yanji on the basis of 御制清文鉴 [The Imperial Dictionary of Manchurian Language] and was published by at least three different publishers in Beijing - 三槐堂 [San huai tang], 四合堂 [Si he tang] and 英华堂 [Ying hua tang]. This set was published by 三槐堂 [San huai tang]. We have not been able to ascertain whether these editions were published simulanteously or whether reprints were published at the time. 

The dictionary was published with the aim of supporting the "Language Standardisation" policy set up under the government of Qianlong Emperor. It lists the Manchu words in alphabetical order each with its Chinese translation. It was one of the first comprehensive and user-friendly Manchu-Chinese dictionaries and many dictionaries in late Qing Dynasty developed from it. It should be noted that the place of publication of this set 京都[Jingdu] is an old name for Beijing and not, as it could be confused with, Kyoto. 

The accompanying eight volume Supplement was published with the aim of solving issues of the ambiguities which appeared in 淸文彚書 [The Complete Collection of the Manchurian Language], for example loanwords transliterated from Chinese, etc. 宜興 [Yixing] (? - 1809) a member of the royal family of Qing Empire, accumulated over 7900 new words and compiled 淸文补彚 [The Supplements to the Manchurian Language] in 1786. These new words which appeared after the standardisation of the Manchurian language are presented in the same format and style as the earlier dictionary however the Supplement distinguishes itself from earlier works by adding any structural changes of words such as variants. 

Together these two works comprise a very important reference of 27,900 words or phrases and together are regarded as one of the most important Chinese-Manchu reference works of the Qing Dynasty. Still very useful for scholars of Manchu to this day and regarded as indispensable for scholars of the Manchurian language during the Qing Dynasty. 

AU$4500.00 (Appoximately US$3510.00)    

[Stock number 159400]


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